Guide Dark Matter: Eros on the Wild Side

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I want to explore the counterintuitive position that Eros is almost always, if invisibly, at the sickbed. We will make better choices and face better outcomes if we recognise the ambidextrous power of Eros both for good and for ill. We live in an age of superheroes, as confirmed by the cinematic fantasies we pay good money to see, so Eros as a defunct but once powerful Greek god fits right in.

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If Marvel Comics is the new matrix of post-postmodern mythology, replacing old-school classical deities with contemporary figures such as Batman and Wolverine, Eros too has been transformed—into the lower-case human internal power that we associate with everything erotic. The currents of human erotic life flow through pop culture like an underground stream, nourishing even the larger-than-life, real-time, human superheroes who appear on screen and onstage, from rock stars and megawatt evangelists and famous athletes to upstart political demagogues.

The erotic life, however, also has its opponents not limited to traditional puritans. Rich multinational corporations, faceless government bureaucracies, and vast, unseen digital networks reinforce their own hidden power and reaffirm our inverse, relative powerlessness with strategies that deflect or disarm any erotic impulse. Biomedicine ranks among the everyday hidden superheroes generally opposed to the erotic life that help to define the conflicting tone of modern life. Biomedicine, if you need a doctor, drug, or surgery in a life-threatening crisis, can almost literally bring you back from the dead, so we rightly honor even worship its amazing power, but life-saving gifts represent only its most dramatic achievement.

On our most ordinary days, when we enter the kingdom of illness we fall under the sway of this invisible, monolithic, rational sovereign whose presence we acknowledge even if we choose to resist it. Resistance—as in homeopathic, alternative, complementary, or integrative medicine—is always a position that affirms its minority status. Like medieval cathedrals, biomedicine reflects a combined and accumulated human endeavour whose monuments and power dominate the landscape with each gleaming new hospital. What does this science-based sovereign power—this irresistible goliath, Biomedicine, with its cell-penetrating molecular vision—fail to notice or on principle choose to ignore?

galaxie avec eros: Topics by buzevuhyzi.tk

My brief response: human desire. Or, in short, Eros. Desire is the forgotten or neglected power—beyond mere erotic doubleness in its complex role as medicine, poison, underground current, and spark of life—that we urgently need to recognise and ultimately to understand as we enter the always difficult kingdom of the ill. Eros, as a rough synonym for desire, offers a perhaps unfamiliar but relevant term for identifying and discussing the poorly understood force of human desire in its relations to illness and health.

Eros and desire certainly find familiar expression in ancient and modern concepts of romantic love. It is the plot that launched a thousand books. Two lonely people meet, declare their eternal affection, and faced with the usual obstacles either die consumed in tragic, transcendent passion or live, as comedies signal with their happy endings, happily ever after. Even in its unrequited form as lovesickness, romantic love no doubt maintains direct, if tangential, contact with issues of health and illness, but romance is hardly the whole story.

Eros is not a fully knowable quantity—something we can pin down, define, and reconstitute as an object of knowledge; it inhabits shifting relationships, spontaneous actions, and hidden states that desire often without our knowledge or against our better judgment draws us into. Eros and desire are finally less about knowledge than about altered states, unruly impulses, hidden biological forces, charismatic bodies, everyday selves at risk, vertigo and lost control.

My diagram of proliferating erotic relations thus includes a measure of self-parody in stable geometric patterns used to clarify a shifting, uncontainable force. A better diagram would be three dimensional, spinning nonstop like a pinwheel, and embedded with a kill switch to self-destruct when the formula approaches hazardous clarity. A simplified birds-eye view cannot avoid local error, like weather maps, but it remains useful here in representing eros as a libidinal energy that suffuses a wide variety of disparate states from empathy to lust.

The diagram also recognizes that eros remains distinct from energies that circulate entirely outside it. Mindless brutality and rape are as un-erotic as a butcher shop, although my clock-face diagram allows for at least fifty-six additional un-named shades of erotic practice, not all of them pleasant. One key assertion about eros, however, seems to me as reliable as bedrock. Eros, whatever it is, is not identical with sexual activity.

If cruelty can be erotic, so can a sonnet sequence, email innuendos, a certain smile, the sway of bodies, a passing hint of perfume, even a lullaby. Inner life matters as much as erogenous zones, and the free play of mind offers entirely self-sufficient erotic pleasures, from daydreams to virtual reality. How exactly does the inner life of eros play into human illness and health?

The medical journal Heart, for example, shows in a study that married people are less likely to develop cardiovascular disease or to die from a heart attack than divorced, widowed, or never-married adults. It shows that unmarried adults are 43 percent more likely to die from heart disease and 55 percent more likely to die from strokes. Did anyone ask about the erotic dimensions of marriage?

Apparently a regular paycheck and a gym membership will count for more than eros in the cardiac health of marriage. Irony or perhaps unfairness aside, let me offer three brief and more positive instances that suggest how eros, whether acknowledged or not, regularly infiltrates the biomedical kingdom of the ill. It was the antithesis of death. Jennifer Glaser was just twenty-four when her boyfriend was diagnosed with leukemia.

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Desire plays an increasingly crucial role in their relationship almost in direct relation to the limits of biomedical knowledge and ineffectiveness of its treatments. Anatole Broyard, longtime writer for the New York Times , found that his diagnosis with inoperable prostate cancer sparked an elevation of spirit so intense as to resemble the euphoria of falling in love. He calls this response—the opposite of what reason might predict—an intoxication. Indeed, his account in the New York Times illustrates how the biomedical disdain for eros constitutes not only a special instance of professional denial but also a denial that, as a consequence of biomedical prestige, contaminates the entire culture of illness.

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Visitors too, as they arrive to offer consolation, expect to find a patient weighed down with a hopeless medical prognosis. For example, i collapse may never reach an equilibrium state in the outer region of a dark matter halo, ii non-radial motion may be important, and iii mergers associated with the hierarchical formation of a halo may render the spherical-collapse model invalid.

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Numerical simulations of structure formation in an expanding universe lead to the empirical NFW Navarro-Frenk-White profile : [19]. The NFW profile is called 'universal' because it works for a large variety of halo masses, spanning four orders of magnitude, from individual galaxies to the halos of galaxy clusters.

This profile has a finite gravitational potential even though the integrated mass still diverges logarithmically. It has become conventional to refer to the mass of a halo at a fiducial point that encloses an overdensity times greater than the critical density of the universe, though mathematically the profile extends beyond this notational point. It was later deduced that the density profile depends on the environment, with the NFW appropriate only for isolated halos. Higher resolution computer simulations are better described by the Einasto profile : [21].

While the addition of a third parameter provides a slightly improved description of the results from numerical simulations, it is not observationally distinguishable from the 2 parameter NFW halo, [22] and does nothing to alleviate the cuspy halo problem.


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The collapse of overdensities in the cosmic density field is generally aspherical. So, there is no reason to expect the resulting halos to be spherical. Even the earliest simulations of structure formation in a CDM universe emphasized that the halos are substantially flattened. Up until the end of the s, numerical simulations of halo formation revealed little substructure.

With increasing computing power and better algorithms, it became possible to use greater numbers of particles and obtain better resolution. Substantial amounts of substructure are now expected. As it orbits, it is subjected to strong tidal forces from the host, which cause it to lose mass. In addition the orbit itself evolves as the subhalo is subjected to dynamical friction which causes it to lose energy and angular momentum to the dark matter particles of its host.

Whether a subhalo survives as a self-bound entity depends on its mass, density profile, and its orbit. Numerical simulations have shown that the spin parameter distribution for halos formed by dissipation-less hierarchical clustering is well fit by a log-normal distribution, the median and width of which depend only weakly on halo mass, redshift, and cosmology: [30].

At all halo masses, there is a marked tendency for halos with higher spin to be in denser regions and thus to be more strongly clustered. The visible disk of the Milky Way Galaxy is embedded in a much larger, roughly spherical halo of dark matter. The dark matter density drops off with distance from the galactic center. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A theoretical component of a galaxy that envelops the galactic disc and extends well beyond the edge of the visible galaxy.

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Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Galaxy Formation and Evolution. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 30 May May The Astrophysical Journal. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Bibcode : ApJ Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology.


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In Quest of the Universe. Jones; Robert J. Lambourne; David John Adams An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology. Thesis, Univ. Disc Lenticular barred unbarred Spiral anemic barred flocculent grand design intermediate Magellanic unbarred Dwarf galaxy elliptical irregular spheroidal spiral Elliptical galaxy cD Irregular barred Peculiar Ring Polar. Lyman-alpha emitter Luminous infrared Starburst blue compact dwarf pea faint blue Hot dust-obscured.